Government has granted “in-principle” approval to a total of 20 National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs). Of these, 12 NIMZs are located outside the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) region. These are:
(i) Nagpur in Maharashtra;
(ii) Tumkur in Karnataka;
(iii) Chittoor in Andhra Pradesh;
(iv) Prakasam in Andhra Pradesh;
(v) Medak in Telangana;
(vi) Kolar in Karnataka;
(vii) Bidar in Karnataka;
(viii) Gulbarga in Karnataka;
(ix) Jajpur in Odisha;
(x) Ramanathapuram in Tamil Nadu;
(xi) Auraiya in Uttar Pradesh; and
(xii) Jhanshi in Uttar Pradesh.
About National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs)
- These are under the National Manufacturing Policy(NMP) by Department of Industrial Policy and Promortion.
- The National Investment and Manufacturing Zones are being conceived as giant industrial greenfield townships to promotecl world-class manufacturing activities.
- The central government will be responsible for bearing the cost of master planning, improving/providing external physical infrastructure linkages including rail, road, ports, airports and telecom,etc.
- The identification of land will be undertaken by state governments. State governments will be responsible for water requirement, power connectivity,etc.
About National Manufacturing Policy :
The policy is the first of its kind for the manufacturing sector as it addresses areas of regulation, infrastructure, skill development, technology, availability of finance, exit mechanism and other pertinent factors related to the growth of the sector.
Objectives of the policy:
1. An increase in manufacturing sector growth.
2. To create 100 million additional jobs by 2022 in manufacturing sector.
3. Creation of appropriate skill sets among rural migrants and the urban poor for inclusive growth.
4. Enhancing the global competitiveness of the Indian manufacturing sector.
5. Ensuring sustainability of growth, particularly with regard to environment.
6. Other key objectives of the policy include:
• Creation of National Investment and Manufacturing Zones
• Development of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)
• Implementation of industrial training and other skill upgradation
• Promotion of Green Manufacturing
• Rationalisation and simplification of business regulations
Other schemes realated industrial development
1. Modified Industrial Infrastructure Upgradation Scheme
2. Indian Leather Development Programme
3. Modified Comprehensive Powerloorn Cluster Development Scheme
4. Comprehensive Handlooms Cluster Development Scheme
5. Comprehensive Handicrafts Cluster Development Scheme
6. Integrated Skill Development Scheme for the textiles and apparels sector
including jute and handicrafts
7. Scheme for Integrated Textiles Parks
8.' Scheme for Mega Food Parks
9. Scheme of Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure