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India is now fourth largest exporter of illicit money

GFI released a report stating India is the fourth largest exporter of black money with an average annual outflow of $51.03 billion.

Recommendations by GFI to curb these outflows:

1. World leaders should focus on curbing opacity in the global financial system, which facilitates these outflows.

2. Policymakers should require multinational companies to publicly disclose their revenues, profits, losses, sales, taxes paid, subsidiaries and staff levels on a country-by-country basis.

3. Governments should significantly boost their customs enforcement by equipping and training officers to better detect intentional misinvoicing of trade transactions.

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FIFA signs 8-year deal with China's Alibaba E-Auto

A deal has been signed for the Club World Cup between FIFA and Alibaba E-auto Reflecting China's vast marketing potential.Alibaba Group is the world's largest online and mobile commerce company.

About FIFA(Fédération Internationale de Football Association)

- The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is the governing body of the association of football, futsal and beach football.

- Headquaters: Zurich,Switzerland.-FIFA’s primary objective is "to improve the game of football constantly and promote it globally in the light of its unifying, educational, cultural and humanitarian values, particularly through youth and development programmes".

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Increment of 112 sq km of mangrove cover in India : Forest survey 2015

Forest Survey of India stated an increase in 112 sq. km. of mangroves forest. In 2013 there was decrease of 36 km sq.

Mangrove Forests in India1. Mangroves of Gujarat,2. Ratnagiri Mangroves,3. Andaman and Nicobar Islands4. Sunderban5. Cauvery Delta6. Krishna godavari7. Mahanadi 8. Goa

- About Management of Mangroves in India

1. The Sundarbans mangroves, located in the Bay of Bengal (partly in India and partly in Bangladesh), were the first mangroves in the world to be put under scientific management.

2. The 1976 amendment to the Indian Constitution, states that it shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife.

3. The Government of India set up the National Mangrove Committee in the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1976 to advise the government on  mangrove conservation and development.

4. On the basis of the National Mangrove Committee's recommendation, 15 mangrove areas were identified for conservation.

Some Legislative framework

1. The Indian Forest Act, 1927 and the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 provide protection to the flora and fauna of the country.

2. The Forest Conservation Act, 1980 states that no forest area shall be diverted for any non-forestry purpose without prior approval of the Government of India.

3. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 has had a crucial role in the conservation and management of mangrove ecosystems.

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India's first anti-piracy police unit setup in Telangana

Telangana Intellectual Property Crime Unit (TIPCU) is the first anti piracy unit of India, setup by the state of Telangana.

Functions:

1. To monitor online piracy

2. To recommend blocking of websites.

3. To prosecute the pirates and choke their revenue sources.

Based on: The unit is based in London’s Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit (PIPCU).

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Defence expo 2016 will be held in Quitol Goa

It has been decided to organize Def Expo 2016 in Quitol, Naqueri Betul in Quepem area of South Goa, in the State of Goa. The Government of Goa was requested to make approximately 150 acres of land available for the purpose. However, Government of Goa has not allotted any land formally for the purpose to the Ministry of Defence. This Expo will promote the Make in India campaign.

About Defence expo 2015

- The eight edition of Def-Expo, India was held in February 2015.- 232 foreign companies from 32 countries participated in the show along with 15 country pavilions. - Def-Expo 2015 provided a platform to all the exhibitors to display their latest technologies and products and an opportunity to explore/tap the market and business potential for mutual benefits.

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Jan Jagriti Abhiyan to encourage use of generic medicines

A number of steps have been taken by the Government to promote use of generic medicines. Circulars/ instructions have been issued from time to time to all Central Government hospitals, CGHS dispensaries and State Governments for encouraging prescription of generic medicines.

-Indian Government initiative: Jan Jagriti Abhiyan to encourage use of generic medicines to increase their availability.  

- What is Generic Drugs: A generic drug is a pharmaceutical product, usually intended to be interchangeable with an innovator product, which is manufactured without a licence from the innovator company and marketed after the expiry date of the patent or other exclusive rights.

- Approval procedure of generic drugs: Drug companies must submit an abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) for approval to market a generic product. The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984, more commonly known as the Hatch-Waxman Act, made ANDAs possible by creating a compromise in the drug industry.  Generic drugs are certainly as effective as, but much cheaper than, brand-name drugs.Generic Drugs are as much effective as brand drugs because Generic drugs are required to have the same active ingredient, strength, dosage form, and route of administration as the brand name product. Generic drugs need not contain the same inactive ingredients as the brand name product. When it comes to pricing, there is a big difference between generic and brand name drugs. On an average, the cost of a generic drug is 80 to 85 percent lower than the brand name product.

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National Crop Insurance Programme

Continued efforts are being made to create awareness about crop insurance schemes by the extension division of implementing States in coordination with the insurance companies. The salient activities under awareness campaign, involve the publicity of features & benefits of the scheme through advertisements in leading National/local News Papers, telecast through audio-visual media, distribution of pamphlets, participation in agriculture fairs/mela/goshti and organization of workshops/ trainings and SMS through Kisan Portal etc. State Governments/UTs are also being regularly persuaded to increase the coverage by including and notifying more crops under crop Insurance schemes

About National Crop Insurance Scheme

This scheme is made by merging 3 schemes: Modified National Agricultural insurance Scheme (MNAIS), Weather Based Crop insurance Scheme (WBCIS) and Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme (CPIS).

Aim: To provide financial compensation to the farmers for losses in crop yield due to non-preventable risks including natural calamities, pests and diseases and adverse weather conditions.

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11th UIC World Security Congress - 9th & 10th December-2015 at New Delhi

The 11th UIC Global Security Congress is being organized by the Security Directorate of Indian Railways in collaboration with International Union of Railways (UIC), headquartered in Paris. The conference is scheduled to be held at New Delhi on 9th & 10th December-2015 and will be attended by Security Chiefs of the Railway Systems of various countries apart from representatives of UIC, Indian Railways, police and security agencies of India. Mr. Jean-Pierre Loubinoux, Director-General of the International Union of Railways (UIC) and delegates of member countries would be attending.

About UIC- It is a  worldwide professional association representing the railway sector and promoting rail transport.

- Mission:

a. Promote rail transport at international level.

b. Promote interoperability, create new world standards for railways.

c. Propose new ways to improve technical and environmental performance of rail transport, improve competitiveness while reducing costs.

- 10th meeting was held in Lisbon. 

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National Awards for Innovation in Educational Administrations to be awarded on the 10th December, 2015

The National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA), New Delhi has instituted National Awards for Innovation in Educational Administrations for District and Block Level Education Officers. The second award presentation function organized by NUEPA will be held on 10th December, 2015 in Nehru Memorial Museum and Library Auditorium, Teen Murti Bhawan, New Delhi.

Some of the important National Awards of India

1. Indian Highest Awards (Civil)-

a. The Bharat Ratna: The highest award given for exceptional work for the advancement of art, literature and science and in recognition of public service of highest order.

b. The Padma Vibhushan: It is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including services rendered by Government servants.

c. The Padma Bhushan : It is awarded for distinguished service of high order in any field including services rendered by Government servants.

d. The Padma Shri: This award is given for distinguished service in any field including services rendered by the Government servants. 

2. Military/Gallantry Awards

a. Param Vir Chakra: It is awarded for the most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour of self-sacrifice.

b. Maha Vir Chakra: It is the second highest decoration and is awarded for the act of conspicuous gallantry. 

c. Vir Chakra: Falling third in order of merit, it is given for the acts of gallantry.

d. Ashoka Chakra: Awarded for acts of gallantry other than in the face of enemy. 

3. Param Vishisht Seva Medal:It is awarded in recognition of the distinguished service of the most exceptional order. 

4. Sahitya Akademi Award: for outstanding books in Indian languages and English.

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Australia wins Hockey World League Final by defeating Belgium

Australia won the 2015 Men’s Hockey World League Final by defeating Belgium (1-0)

About the  Hockey World League:

The Hockey World League (HWL) is an international field hockey competition organised by the International Hockey Federation (FIH).The competition has four rounds and is held every two years.HWL also serves as the qualifier for Hockey World Cup and the Olympics.

Olympic qualification criteria-The six highest placed teams in the semi-finals of the Hockey World League 2014/2015, not qualified under continental qualifications or as the host country team will earn one quota place and qualify for the 2016 Olympics.

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