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Himani Savarkar passed away

Himani Savarkar a leader of the Hindu Mahasabha Party and President of the Abhinav Bharat whose members have been linked to a number of blasts in the country passed away on Sunday. She was 68. According to family members Himani was bedridden for the last six months and she passed away on Sunday. Himani was the niece of Mahatma Gandhi's assassin Nathuram Godse, (she was the daughter of Nathuram's brother Gopal Godse), and was the daughter in law of Narayan Savarkar brother of Vinayak Savarkar.

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BARC Director Shekhar Basu appointed as Atomic Energy Secretary

Renowned scientist Shekhar Basu was today appointed as Atomic Energy Secretary and Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission.He will have tenure till he attains the age of 64 years, i.e. September 19, 2016, 
Basu, who is presently Director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and chief executive of the Nuclear Recycle Board (NRB), will replace R K Sinha who superannuates on October 23.Basu, who was instrumental in setting up reprocessing and waste management facilities at Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research in Kalpakkam, is a recipient of Padma Shri.
 

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10TH OCTOBER - World Mental Health Day: All you need to know about mental disorders

This day marks the sufferings of the victims of mental disorders and the efforts put by several psychologists and the well-wishers who stood by the victims. Even in today's modern society, mental illness is not taken as seriously as physical ailments. In many cases, they are frowned upon and neglected.
Here are five essential facts about mental illness everyone needs to know: 
1. About half of mental disorders begin before the age of 14.
2. Around 20 percent children and adolescents experience mental disorders.
3. War and social trauma have been the most common reasons behind mental illness.
4. Mental illness can increase the risk of getting affected by other diseases such as cardiac problems, diabetes and gastric issues.
5. In most cases of mental disorder, it is the family members of the victim who neglect the situation.
Let us look at five common mental disorders of the modern world:
1. Anti-social disorder: People experiencing this disease are often seen overreacting to a particular situation with anger. They often behave in a way that is harmful to others.
 2. Amnesia: This is a common phenomenon and a sign of brain damage where the victim experiences persistent loss of memory. The major factors leading up to this disease are overdose of sedatives and psychological trauma.
3. Asperger's Syndrome: Signs of this disease involve difficulty and reluctance towards social interaction, verbal communication, physical clumsiness and repetitive pattern of behaviour. This is one of the most common mental disorders of the modern era.
4. Major depressive disorder: The term 'depression' has lost its value due to inappropriate use. The medical explanation of the term reveals that major depressive illness is a serious mental disorder that includes low self-esteem, reluctance towards enjoyable activities, high pessimism, avoiding social gatherings and morbid thoughts. This illness is perhaps the most underrated medical situation as it can often lead to suicidal tendencies, if not cured properly.
5. Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is a mental disorder where the victim feels a constant need to check things right and do a particular chore repeatedly. Most common instances have been washing hands, counting things, taking shower, cleaning household and checking if the doors are locked. The illness is a kind of anxiety disorder that may lead to suicidal tendencies.

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West Bengal to get Indiau2019s first dolphin Reserve

India’s first community reserve to protect the endangered Gangetic river dolphins will come up in West Bengal. This decision was taken at the recently held State Wildlife Board meeting in WB.
- The reserve will be set up in the Hooghly river.
- The methodology to develop the community reserve is being chalked out by a separate committee. The committee will take a decision based on inputs from all stakeholders since it’s a community reserve.

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Tunisia’s National Dialogue Quartet mediators win Nobel Peace Prize

Tunisian mediators win Nobel Peace Prize
The 2015 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to Tunisia’s National Dialogue Quartet. It has been selected for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011.
The quartet comprises four organisations: 
1.    the Tunisian General Labour Union.
2.    the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts.
3.    the Tunisian Human Rights League.
4.    and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers.
But the Norwegian Nobel Committee emphasized that the prize is awarded to this quartet, not to the four individual organizations as such.

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India, Ecuador ink pact to set up JETCO to boost trade

India and South American nation Ecuador today signed an agreement to set up a Joint Economic and Trade Committee (JETCO) to strengthen the trade relations between the countries. During the meeting, both the sides also discussed measures to enhance trade and investment relations. During 2014-15, the bilateral trade stood at USD 1.29 billion, the Commerce Ministry said in a statement. 
It said that JETCO was signed with an aim to further improve, deepen and strengthen the existing trade relationship. "The JETCO will function as the primary forum for discussion and other promotional activities on trade and investment issues and will be meeting once in  every two years," it said. The first meeting of the JETCO is proposed to be held early next year in India, it added. 

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World’s highest terrestrial research centre by DRDO – Habitat in Ladakh

The world’s highest terrestrial centre labelled as “Extreme Altitude Research Centre” has been inaugurated by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) chief S Christopher at its habitat in Chang La near Pengong Lake in Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir.
It has been established by Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR) in Leh, which is one the 52 laboratories of DRDOIt is instituted at 17,600 feet above sea level and is 75 Km away from leh town.

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Belarusian Writer Svetlana Alexievich won Nobel Literature Prize 2015

Belarusian writer and journalist Svetlana Alexievich has won the 2015 Nobel Prize for literature.Announcing the prize in Stockholm, the chair of the Swedish Academy, Sara Danius, called her writing "a monument to courage and suffering in our time".
Alexievich called the award, presented to a living writer and worth 8m kronor (£691,000), "a great personal joy."

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Indian Navy holds Gunnery Symposium 2015 at Dronacharya

The Gunnery Symposium is a prestigious event held once in every three years to provide a platform for experts from the field to present their research on matters related to naval gun and missile systems to an audience, comprising several high ranking officers and 'Gunnery' specialists from the staff and frontline ships of the Indian Navy. 
The event holds a special significance for all Gunnery Officers as it is traditionally held at INS Dronacharya, the primary training base for 'Gunnery .. 
The governing theme of the symposium was 'Emerging Trends in Naval Gunnery'. 

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Earth's inner core was formed 1-1.5 billion years ago -New Study

Earth's inner core was formed 1-1.5 billion years ago as it 'froze' from the surrounding molten iron outer core, according to a new study. The inner core is Earth's deepest layer and a relatively recent addition to our planet. Establishing when it was formed is a topic of vigorous scientific debate with estimates ranging from 0.5 billion to 2 billion years ago. 
Researchers from the University of Liverpool, UK, and colleagues analysed magnetic records from ancient igneous rocks.The timing of the first appearance of solid iron or "nucleation" of the inner core is highly controversial but is crucial for determining the properties and history of the Earth's interior and has strong implications for how the Earth's magnetic field - which acts as a shield against harmful radiation from the Sun, as well as a useful navigational aid - is generated. "The results suggest that the Earth's core is cooling down less quickly than previously thought which has implications for the whole of earth sciences.
"It also suggests an average growth rate of the solid inner core of approximately 1mm per year which affects our understanding of the Earth's magnetic field," said Biggin. 
The Earth's magnetic field is generated by the motion of the liquid iron alloy in the outer core, approximately 3,000 km beneath the Earth's crust. 

These motions occur because the core is losing heat to the overlying solid mantle that extends up to the crust on which we live producing the phenomenon of convection.Once the inner core started to freeze, this convection received a strong boost in power because light, non-metallic elements remained molten in the outer core and were buoyant relative to the overlying liquid. The process continues today and is thought to be the main source of "fuel" for generating the Earth's magnetic field. 

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