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Jamaican novelist Marlon James wins Man Booker prize

Marlon James, the Jamaican novelist, has won the prestigious Man Booker Prize for Fiction for “A Brief History of Seven Killings.” He is the first Jamaican author to win the prize in the British award’s 47 years. It’s also the first for his publisher, Oneworld Publications.The novel is fictional retelling of the 1976 attempted murder of Bob Marley.

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125-million-year-old mammal fossil discovered in Spain

Scientists have found fossilized remains of a 125-million-year-old rat-sized mammal in Spain, pushing back the earliest record of preserved mammalian hair structures and inner organs by more than 60 million years. The microscopic structures of hair and spines in the specimen, named Spinolestes xenarthrosus, are the earliest-known examples in mammalian evolutionary history. Spinolestes xenarthrosus lived in the Cretaceous period and belonged to an extinct lineage of early mammals known as triconodonts. 
Its teeth and skeletal features indicate it was a ground-dweller that ate insects. Its soft tissues, with discernable microscopic structures, were preserved through a rare process known as phosphatic fossilization.Individual hair follicles and bulbs, as well as the composition of individual hair shafts, could be identified using an electron scanning microscope. 
Spinolestes had remarkably modern mammalian hair and skin structures, such as compound follicles in which multiple hairs emerge from the same pore. It had small spines around a tenth of a millimetre in diameter on its back, similar to modern hedgehogs and African spiny mice, which appeared to be formed by the fusion of filaments at follicles during development. 
 

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Egypt, Japan,Senegal, Ukraine,Uruguay elected as non-permanent UNSC members

The UN General Assembly has elected Egypt, Japan, Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay to serve as non-permanent members on the Security Council for two-year terms beginning January 1 next year. The new members, elected in one round of voting here yesterday, will serve until December 31, 2017. 

The five overall seats available for election in 2015, distributed regionally, were: two seats for the African Group (currently held by Chad and Nigeria); one seat for the Asia-Pacific Group (currently held by Jordan); one seat for the Group of Latin American and Caribbean States (currently held by Chile); and one seat for the Eastern European Group (currently held by Lithuania). 

The Western European and Others Group is contesting no seats this year, as its two seats (currently held by New Zealand and Spain) are up for election every even calendar year. The five permanent Council members, which each wield the power of veto, are China, France, Russia, the United  States. The non-permanent members that will remain on the Council until the end of 2016 are Angola, Malaysia, New Zealand, Spain and Venezuela. India has led the charge among developing nations to press for reform of the Security Council to make it more representative and in line with the realities of the 21st century. 

Last month, the 193 member General Assembly adopted by consensus a resolution to commence negotiations in the 70th session of the UNGA on Security Council reform on the basis of a text that would have the positions of various nations on the increase in the number of permanent and non-permanent seats and use of veto in a reformed Council. 

About UN Security Council.
Under the UN Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Each of the Council's members has one vote. Under the Charter, all UN Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. The Security Council also recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations. And, together with the General Assembly, it elects the judges of the International Court of Justice. 

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K.P. Sharma Oli elected as new Prime Minister of Nepal.

Mr Oli, 63, won 338 votes in a parliamentary ballot, easily defeating Sushil Koirala on 249Oli, of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist), has vowed to speed up rebuilding after an earthquake. He will also have to quell protests over the new constitution aimed at bolstering Nepal’s transformation to a peaceful democracy.
 

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A R Rahman chosen for 2015 Hridaynath Mangeshkar Award.

A R Rehman was on 8 October 2015 chosen for the 2015 Hridaynath Mangeskar Award.The Academy award winning music composer and singer was chosen by the Hridayesh Art for his contribution to the Indian music in his career spanning over two decades.He is expected to receive the award from veteran film maker Subhash Ghai on 26 October 2015 at a function in Mumbai.

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November 26 will be observed as 'Samvidhan Divas'(Constitution Day)

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday said that November 26, the day Constitution was adopted, will be observed as 'Samvidhan Divas' as a step towards spreading awareness about the life of its chief architect BR Ambedkar."Our government has decided to declare November 26 as 'Samvidhan Divas'. On this day, every year, school children will be taught about constitution and Dr Ambedkar," he said after laying the foundation stone of Dr Ambedkar Memorial at Indu Mills Compound in Mumbai.He said that five landmarks associated with Ambedkar's life including one in Madhya Pradesh, Alipur House in Delhi, the Indu Mill memorial, Dr Ambedkar's residence in Mumbai and the newly purchased house in London will be developed as 'Panch-Tirth' (quintet pilgrimage) including one in London.

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9 October : World Post Day

World Post Day is celebrated annually on 9 October to mark the establishment of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in Berne, capital city of Switzerland. In 1969, it was declared as World Post Day by the Universal Postal Union in Tokyo, Japan.
The motive behind celebrating the World Post Day is to create awareness of the role played by postal sector in people's everyday lives. The celebration encourages member countries to participate in activities aimed at spreading a broader awareness of their postal service's role among the citizens and how it helps them have a better life.More than 150 countries celebrate World Post Day every year in various ways. In certain countries, it is observed as a working holiday, while a number of countries use the event to introduce or promote new postal products and services. Some postal services also reward their employees for good service on this day.As the world celebrates World Post Day, here is a list of 10 of the rarest and most valuable stamps ever printed in the history of posts.

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Veteran music director Ravindra Jain passed away in Mumbai.

Veteran music director Ravindra Jain, who had been admitted to Lilavati Hospital in Mumbai following ill health, passed away on Friday (October 9).Ravindra Jain had composed music for hit films like Chor Machaye Shor, Geet Gaata Chal, Chitchor and Ankhiyon Ke Jharokhon Se in the 70s. He was given a big break by Raj Kapoor, for whom he had composed many super hit songs in movies such as Ram Teri Ganga Maili, Do Jasoos, and Heena, which was directed by Randhir Kapoor. During the 1980s and 1990s, Jain widely composed music for many mythological movies and television serials. Apart from composing music for Bollywood films, Jain is also known for his work on bhajans.

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Indian, Chinese armies anti-terrorism exercise in Yunan province.

Indian and Chinese armies today kicked off a 10-day joint anti-terrorism exercise in China's Yunnan province which officials said will help enhance mutual understanding,communication and cooperation. India for the first time fielded a contingent of 175 troops from 2nd Battalion of Naga Regiment from Eastern Command which looks after the border with China. 
 

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Kashmiri writer Ghulam Nabi Khayal returns Sahitya Akademi award

Kashmiri writer and poet Ghulam Nabi Khayal has joined the bandwagon of authors returning their Sahitya Akademi awards, saying the minorities in the country today feel "unsafe and threatened". Khayal, who won the prestigious honour for his book 'Gashik Minaar' (Luminaries) in 1975, said he would soon return the cash prize and copper plaque to the Akademi. 

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