Internet censorship is the control or suppression of what can be accessed, published, or viewed on the Internet. It may be carried out by governments or by private organizations at the behest of government, regulators, or on their own initiative.
Aim:There are three main motives for Internet censorship; politics and power, security and social norms, and morals.
1. Active Censorship
2. Passive Censorship
Active Censorship: Active means prosecution of people who spread unsuitable content, for instance arresting them. Active type of internet censorship is also forbidding the Internet (in North Korea), restriction of the Internet and controlling - how people may use the Internet.
Passive Censorship: Passive means blocking of content. Blocking, can be blocking of TLD, blocking of whole servers, blocking of particular websites, blocking of specific services of web applications, etc.
1. It can protect young children from adult websites and videos. On the market, there are software products for parents that can block certain web sites, called web filters.
2. To censor stuff citing moral grounds and those against the legislative.
3. Some countries censor gambling sites, gay and lesbian sites, sites promoting drugs
and criminality, pornographic sites, sites that contain blasphemous or hate speeches.
1. Violation of Rights: Freedom of Speech and expression of views.
2. Limiting Educational Resources: Often educational sources of contraversial topics are restricted thereby curbing the availability of resources.
3. Widening Social Gaps: Lessens the chances to learn about people around the globe.
4. Business Issues: Businesses can be negatively impacted by Internet censorship. First, they cannot be accessed by all possible consumers -- especially on an international scale. Second, these businesses are unable to access the best websites and businesses for supplies and services. If a business owner can't access certain parts of the Internet, she may not be able to compete fully on a global scale, or access the best resources for products and services required.
Everyone has their own opinions, their own expressions, their own views—and the Internet is the best tool to let out there their voices so as to be heard. If that right is taken away from us, no one would have a voice. No one’s opinions would be heard. Some people might have great ideas, but if the government thinks it’s not in the popular opinion, they’ll censor it. Almost everyone gets their information off the Internet now days. If only certain things are censored, everyone would be looking at biased views on everything. They would only be reading about what the government thinks is right. We wouldn’t get to express ourselves and speak freely. Our First Amendment rights would be diminished, and the Internet would definitely loose all its charm. The Internet is a free environment; no one should be allowed to take it away from us.