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Emission norms for thermal power plants

Emission norms for thermal power plants made stricter by Government 
- Aim: to minimise the pollution
- Objectives:
1. To reduce the emission of PM10, sulphur dioxide and Oxide of nitrogen, which will in turn help in bringing about an improvement in the Ambient Air Quality (AAQ) in and around thermal power plants.  
2. Employment of the technology for the control of the proposed limit of Sulfur Dioxide - SO2 & Nitrogen Oxide - NOx will to reduce the mercury emission.
3. To limit the use of water in thermal power plant that will lead to water conservation plus reduction in energy requirement for drawl of water. 
- Norms are based on the recommendation of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).

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Policy Intiative for Development of Industrial / Economic corridors

Government of India has adopted the strategy of developing integrated industrial/economic corridors in partnership with State Governments for boosting industrial development. 
The details of five industrial/economic corridors are as follows:
1. Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC):
- Vision:
To create strong economic base with globally competitive environment and state-of-the-art infrastructure to activate local commerce, enhance foreign investments and attain sustainable development. 
- Influenced areas:
parts of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

2. Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor (CBIC)
- Background: This corridor is the result of the Summit Meeting held between India and Japan in December 2011.The two Prime Ministers stressed the importance of infrastructure development in the areas between Chennai and Bengaluru. Various SME's of Japan has taken interest in developing this corridor.
- Current situation:
Master Planning of the following   three industrial nodes has been completed:-
1.Ponneri ( Tamil Nadu)
2.Tumkur ( Karnataka)
3.Krishnapatnam (Andhra Pradesh)
4.Bengaluru-Mumbai Economic Corridor (BMEC):
Developers: UK and India

4. Vizag-Chennai Industrial Corridor (VCIC):
- Areas under this corridor-
 Anantapur, Chittoor and Nellore districts and Petroleum, Chemicals and Petrochemicals Investment Region (PCPIR) between Visakhapatnam and Kakinada.
- Developers: Asian Development Bank and State Government.
- The following two nodes for master planning have been identified:
1.Visakhapatnam ( Andhra Pradesh)
2.Srikalahasti-Yerpedu ( Andhra Pradesh)

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Two Mobile Apps were launched for Farmers by the Union Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Minister.

Two Mobile Apps were launched for Farmers by the Union Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Minister.
- Those apps are:
1. Crop Insurance
2. AgriMarket Mobile

About Crop Insurance: 
It will benefit farmers in the following ways:
1. Help farmers to find out complete details about insurance cover available in their area.
2. Help farmers to calculate the insurance premium for notified crops.
3. Help farmers in getting information about coverage amount and loan amount in case of a loaned farmer.
4. It can also be used to get details of normal sum insured, extended sum insured, premium details and subsidy information of any notified crop in any notified area.

About Agrimarket Mobile:
- Aim:
to keep farmers abreast with crop prices around them.
- It can be used by the farmers to get the market prices of crops in the mandi within 50 km radius of the device and other mandis in the country.

Aim of launching these apps:
to make available all relevant and timely information to the farmers and other stake holders so as to create a conducive environment for raising farm productivity and income to global levels. 

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FSSAI sets up 9 panels to strengthen food regulatory mechanism:

- Aim: expediting work so as to strengthen the food regulatory mechanism in the country.
- There is also a plan to increase laborateries in the country, as to ensure atleast 1 lab in each district. These labs will ensure better food testing.
About FSSAI(Food Safety and Standards Authority of India)
- established under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006
- Aim: to lay down science based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.
- Functions:
. Framing of Regulations to lay down the Standards and guidelines in relation to articles of food and specifying appropriate system of enforcing various standards thus notified.
2. Laying down mechanisms and guidelines for accreditation of certification bodies engaged in certification of food safety management system for food businesses.
Laying down procedure and guidelines for accreditation of laboratories and notification of the accredited laboratories.
3. To provide scientific advice and technical support to Central Government and State Governments in the matters of framing the policy and rules in areas which have a direct or indirect bearing of food safety and nutrition .
4. Collect and collate data regarding food consumption, incidence and prevalence of biological risk, contaminants in food, residues of various, contaminants in foods products, identification of emerging risks and introduction of rapid alert system.
5. Creating an information network across the country so that the public, consumers, Panchayats etc receive rapid, reliable and objective information about food safety and issues of concern.
6. Provide training programmes for persons who are involved or intend to get involved in food businesses.
7. Contribute to the development of international technical standards for food, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards.
8. Promote general awareness about food safety and food standards.

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Dr. Rakesh K. Jain: recipient of National Medal of Science 2015

President Barack Obama is going to honor Dr. Rakesh K. Jain with National Medal of science for his research on tumors.He is an Indian-American professor at Harvard Medical School and director of tumor biology laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital. The medal will be presented to him at a White House ceremony early next year.
National Medal of Science
The National Medal of Science was created by statute in 1959 and is administered for the White House by the National Science Foundation.
- It is awarded annually.
- It is given to individuals those who have made outstanding contributions to science and engineering. 

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Ministry of AYUSH undertakes measures for global promotion and popularization of Yoga Worldwide

Under Central Sector Scheme of International Cooperation (IC), The Ministry of AYUSH undertakes measures for global promotion and popularization of AYUSH systems of Medicine including Yoga.
Those measures are:
The Ministry deputes Yoga experts to participate in fairs/ workshops organized by the Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Commerce, etc.
2.Indian Missions abroad for Yoga demonstration and lectures organized by the above ministeries. collaboration with Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) deputed Yoga teachers to Indian Missions for a period of 7 days by revising IC Scheme to train Yoga enthusiasts for their participation in the Mass Yoga Demonstration organized by various Indian Missions abroad .
4.deputes Yoga teachers to Indian Missions for imparting training to local students and teachers.
5.provides publicity material including videos, documentaries, coffee table books, instructional manuals on the different aspects of yoga and yogic practices to Indian Missions for display and distribution. 

The ICCR has recently signed an MoU with Yunnan Minzu University, China for establishment of Yoga College named “India-China College of Yoga”. The part support for this initiative has been provided by the Ministry of AYUSH.

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Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for implementation of an umbrella scheme for integrated development and management of fisheries, for a period of five years. The scheme provides for suitable linkages and convergence with the "Sagarmala Project" of the Ministry of Shipping, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNAREGA), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) etc. 

Focusing Areas:
development and management of inland fisheries, aquaculture, marine fisheries including deep sea fishing, mariculture and all activities undertaken by the National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) towards realizing “Blue Revolution”.

National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) and its activities, 
(b) Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture, 
(c) Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations, 
(d) Strengthening of Database & Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector, 
(e) Institutional Arrangement for Fisheries Sector and 
(f) Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) and other need-based Interventions

focused and integrated approach for development and management of fisheries and aquaculture sector to ensure a sustained annual growth rate of 6% - 8% as against an overall annual growth rate of about 4% during the 11th Five Year Plan period. 

increasing production and productivity from aquaculture and fisheries resources, both inland and marine.
2. to utilise most of the unutilised fisheries resources keeping in view the overall sustainability, bio-security and environmental concerns. 
3. to encourage economically weaker sections such as Scheduled Castes(SCs), Scheduled Tribes(STs), Women and their co-operatives to take up fishing and fisheries related activities. 
4. encourage increasing private investment, entrepreneurship development, more Public Private Partnership (PPP) and better leveraging of institutional finance.
5. skill development and capacity building in fisheries and allied activities; and creation of post-harvest and cold chain infrastructure facilities. 

fish farmers, fisheries entrepreneurs, fish retailers, wholesalers, fish processors, fish exports and women groups

Implemented in all the States including North Eastern States and Union Territories.

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The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill 2015

The Rajya Sabha passed the landmark Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill 2015.Motive: will help to arrest the rise in Juvenile crime, which according to reports is the fastest rising segment of crime.

Highlights of the Bill
The Bill replaces the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.  It addresses children in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection. 
2.The Bill permits juveniles between the ages of 16-18 years to be tried as adults for heinous offences.  Also, any 16-18 years old, who commits a lesser, i.e., serious offence, may be tried as an adult only if he is apprehended after the age of 21 years.
3.Juvenile Justice Boards (JJB) and Child Welfare Committees (CWC) will be constituted in each district.  The JJB will conduct a preliminary inquiry to determine whether a juvenile offender is to be sent for rehabilitation or be tried as an adult.  The CWC will determine institutional care for children in need of care and protection.
4.Eligibility of adoptive parents and the procedure for adoption have been included in the Bill. 
5.Penalties for cruelty against a child, offering a narcotic substance to a child, and abduction or selling a child have been prescribed.
Key Issues and Analysis
There are differing views on whether juveniles should be tried as adults.  Some argue that the current law does not act as a deterrent for juveniles committing heinous crimes. Another view is that a reformative approach will reduce likelihood of repeating offences.
2.The provision of trying a juvenile committing a serious or heinous offence as an adult based on date of apprehension could violate the Article 14 (right to equality) and Article 21 (requiring that laws and procedures are fair and reasonable).  The provision also counters the spirit of Article 20(1) by according a higher penalty for the same offence, if the person is apprehended after 21 years of age. 
3.The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child requires all signatory countries to treat every child under the age of 18 years as equal.  The provision of trying a juvenile as an adult contravenes the Convention.
4.Some penalties provided in the Bill are not in proportion to the gravity of the offence.  For example, the penalty for selling a child is lower than that for offering intoxicating or psychotropic substances to a child.
5.The Standing Committee examining the Bill observed that the Bill was based on misleading data regarding juvenile crimes and violated certain provisions of the Constitution.

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India joins select club to build LNG ships

Cochin Shipyard has received certification to build LNG-transporting ships for any client world-wide, making it the first shipyard in India to get the nod, joining the league of South Korea, Japan and China.
It is a big success in Make in India campaign.GTT will provide designs, engineering and supervision for building of the cryogenic carriers that transport natural gas frozen in its liquid form (LNG).It is a leader of this field and a holder of patented technology for LNG ships.
Advantages of LNG Ships:
LNG offers the ability to reduce sulfur oxide and nitrogen oxide emissions significantly. Potentially, carbon emissions could be cut by 20 percent.

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Ambitious paperless target by 31 March 2016: PMO India

The Prime Minister’s Office has set an ambitious target to shift at least 90% of all government transactions that involve payments or receipts from citizens and businesses to electronic or paperless mode by the end of 2016, replacing the use of cash, demand drafts, cheques and challans in government offices. All government departments and ministries have been asked to provide electronic options for all payments and receipts by March 31, 2016
Advantages of Paperless work:
. Easy storage
2. Efficient management of records for many years.
3. Time saving
4. Simplicity
5. Accessibility
6. Better customer service
7. Email efficiency

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