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India's National Anthem completed 104 years

On 27th December, 2015, India's National Anthem completed 104 years of its existence.  It was sung for the first time on December 27, 1911, at the 27th annual session of the Indian National Congress in Calcutta.
About National Anthem "Jana Gana Mana"
- 'Jana Gana Mana'is the national anthem of India.It was composed by Rabindranath Tagore and was adopted as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950. The anthem is written in highly Sanskritized Bengali and is part of a Brahmo poem.It takes 52 seconds to sing the entire National Anthem. A shorter version of it takes around 20 seconds and is played on certain specific occasions. 

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India's first naval base to Seychelles

Seychelles government has provided India a plot of land in its Assumption Island to build its first naval base in the Indian Ocean region. This is a joint project between India and Seychelles.
India's benefit:
1
. Seychelles will help India exercise greater control over the Indian Ocean’s western region all the way to the piracy-prone eastern African coastline.
2. Crucial post for managing maritime security with different Indian ocean countries.
About Seychelles
The Seychelles is an archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean off East Africa, known for its beaches, coral reefs, diving, nature reserves and rare wildlife such as giant Aldabra tortoises. Mahé island, with an international airport, is a key transport hub, home to capital Victoria

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98th Annual Conference of the Indian Economic Association inaugurated by The President

Pranab Mukherjee, inaugrated the 98th Annual Conference of the Indian Economic Association. He addressed the conference with a speech.
About Indian Economic Assosiation
- Established- 1957
- It is a registered body of Indian Economic Professionals.
- Objective: to provide a Forum for debate and discussion of theoretical and policy oriented Issues of Economic Science.
- It is a member of the International Economic Association.
- It has currently more than 3000 members – both Individual and Institutional.

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Alathur to become first organic block panchayat

Alathur will soon become the first block panchayat in Kerala to achieve self-sufficiency in production and consumption of organically grown vegetables. By the end of the next economic year, the block will produce all fruits and vegetables for its residents based on the requirement. There is a plan to setup farmers’ market without the involvement of middlemen. The priority is to achieve self sufficiency, thereon retail outlets will be started in other parts of the State to sell the excess quantity of fruits and vegetables so produced. Hill Area Development Authority, Integrated Watershed Development Programme and Swachh Bharat Mission are the implementing agencies of the project.

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Amitabh Kant made NITI Aayog CEO

Amitabh Kant is appointed as the NITI Aayog CEO. He is an IAS officer of 1980 batch of Kerala Cadre.
About NITI Aayog(NATIONAL INSTITUTION FOR TRANSFORMING INDIA)
It is the successor of Planning Commission.
Functions:
a
. To evolve a shared vision of national development priorities sectors and strategies with the active involvement of States in the light of national objectives
b. To foster cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis, recognizing that strong States make a strong nation
c. To develop mechanisms to formulate credible plans at the village level and aggregate these progressively at higher levels of government 
d. To ensure, on areas that are specifically referred to it, that the interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy
e. To pay special attention to the sections of our society that may be at risk of not benefitting adequately from economic progress
f. To design strategic and long term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives, and monitor their progress and their efficacy. The lessons learnt through monitoring and feedback will be used for making innovative improvements, including necessary mid-course corrections
g. To provide advice and encourage partnerships between key stakeholders and national and international like-minded Think tanks, as well as educational and policy research institutions. 
h. To create a knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurial support system through a collaborative community of national and international experts, practitioners and other partners.
i. To offer a platform for resolution of inter-sectoral and inter­ departmental issues in order to accelerate the implementation of the development agenda.
j. To maintain a state-of-the-art Resource Centre, be a repository of research on good governance and best practices in sustainable and equitable development as well as help their dissemination to stake-holders
k. To actively monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes and initiatives, including the identification of the needed resources so as to strengthen the probability of success and scope of delivery
l. To focus on technology upgradation and capacity building for implementation of programmes and initiatives
m. To undertake other activities as may be necessary in order to further the execution of the national development agenda, and the objectives mentioned above.

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Atal Setu: North India's first cable- stayed bridge

About Atal Setu

- It is the fourth cable stayed bridge in the country.
- It is built on the Ravi river.
- It will serve as an alternate connectivity to the landlocked Basohli town.
- It could revive the dying art form of Basohli painting.
About Basohli Painting
Basohli painting, belongs to the school of Pahari miniature painting that flourished in the Indian hill states during the late 17th and the 18th centuries, known for its bold vitality of colour and line.The colours are always brilliant, with ochre yellow, brown, and green grounds predominating. A distinctive technique is the depiction of jewelry by thick, raised drops of white paint, with particles of green beetles’ wings used to represent emeralds.

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Mumbai Garuda emerge inaugural Pro Wrestling League champions

Mumbai Garuda became the winner of the first Pro Wrestling League championship. They had beaten harayana to get to the first place.
About Pro Wrestling League
- An initiative of ProSportify and Wrestling Federation of India.
- It is owned by Kartikeya Sharma and Wrestling Federation of India.
- It was the richest wrestling event ever. 
- Each team had 9 players – 5 Indians, 4 foreigners, 5 men, 4 women.
History of Wrestling in India 
- First contested at the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC.
- Since 1900, it became an integral part of Olympic Games.
- K D Jadhav secured a bronze in wrestling in Helsinki Games – India’s first individual Olympic medal.
- Next, Sushil Kumar won bronze at 2008 Beijing Games and silver in London Games.

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National Human Rights commission opposed the Juvenile Justice Bill

NHRC opposed the new Juvenile Justice Bill which has lowered the age of juvenile from 18years to 16 years.
Statements of NHRC opposing the bill
-
Most teenagers below 16 years are still in learning stage and are unware of the crime being done by them. If such teens are sent to jail, their entire lives will be stuck in this viscous cycle.
- Teens belonging to poor family are much innocent than those belongs to rich families. But some cities can be excluded from this.

About Juvenile Justice Bill
1
. The Bill replaces the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.  It addresses children in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection. 
2. The Bill permits juveniles between the ages of 16-18 years to be tried as adults for heinous offences.  Also, any 16-18 year old, who commits a lesser, i.e., serious offence, may be tried as an adult only if he is apprehended after the age of 21 years. 
3. Juvenile Justice Boards (JJB) and Child Welfare Committees (CWC) will be constituted in each district.  The JJB will conduct a preliminary inquiry to determine whether a juvenile offender is to be sent for rehabilitation or be tried as an adult.  The CWC will determine institutional care for children in need of care and protection.
4. Eligibility of adoptive parents and the procedure for adoption have been included in the Bill. 
5. Penalties for cruelty against a child, offering a narcotic substance to a child, and abduction or selling a child have been prescribed. 

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Shiva Keshavan wins silver at Asian Championship

Shiva Keshavan won a silver medal at the Asian Championship.
Top 3 champions are:
1.
Hidenari Kanayama, Japan
2. Shiva Keshavan, India
3. Dong Hyeon Kim, Korea
About AFC Champions League
- It is commonly known as the Asian Champions League.
- The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of Asian football and one of the six Confederations making up FIFA.
- It is the premier club tournament in Asia, equivalent to the CONMEBOL Copa Libertadores, and the UEFA, CAF, CONCACAF and OFC Champions League competitions.
- The winner of the AFC Champions League qualifies for the FIFA Club World Cup.
About Asian Football Confederation (AFC)
-
Formed in 1954 in Manila on the sidelines of the second Asian Games.
- Headquarters- Kuala Lumpur
- Shaikh Salman bin Ebrahim Al Khalifa of Bahrain is the AFC President.
- The AFC is responsible for running football in Asia. Among its various responsibilities are: regulating the game, drafting new laws to improve the sport, implementing the law, boosting grassroots and youth football, and conducting major competitions.

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China approves its first anti terrorism law

Aim: To address rising terror threats at home (China) and boost international security.People of China and International community are protesting against it by calling it a human right violation legislation.
About Anti terrorism laws in India
1
.Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967:  designed to deal with associations and activities that questioned the territorial integrity of India.
2.The Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act, 1999 (MCOCA): law was specifically made to deal with rising organized crime in Maharashtra and especially in Mumbai due to the underworld.
3. Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2004: amended version of POTA (Prevention of Terrorism activities)
4.Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA): It allows the government to define, at its discretion and without judicial review, an area as ‘disturbed’ and give enormous power to military.

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