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Important Current Affairs 6th August 2019

NATIONAL:

Lok Sabha gives nod to legislation that bans commercial surrogacy.

• Lok Sabha passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019, which seeks to ban commercial surrogacy and allows only close relatives of infertile couples to volunteer for “ethical altruistic" reasons.

The bill and it is unfortunate that the country had emerged as a hub of commercial surrogacy in recent years. During the discussion on the bill.There are 2,000-3000 surrogacy clinics running illegally in India and a few thousand foreign couples resort to surrogacy practice within India, and the whole issue is thoroughly unregulated.

The concerning unethical practices, abandonment of children born out of surrogacy and exploitation of surrogate mothers.The minister cited the 228th report of the Law Commission recommended that the government enact a legislation to ensure that commercial surrogacy is banned in this country and there is only restrictive surrogacy.

Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019,

The bill also aims to constitute surrogacy boards at the national and state levels. The bill aims to allow ethical altruistic surrogacy for infertile Indian married couples, within the age group of 23-50 and 26-55 years for females and males, respectively. The bill, which was passed by a voice vote, also prohibits the sale and purchase of human embryos and gametes. The government has claimed that it will also prevent exploitation of surrogate mothers and children born through surrogacy.India emerged as a commercial destination for foreigners seeking surrogate mothers. There have been reports on unethical practices, exploitation of surrogate mothers, abandonment of children born out of surrogacy, and rackets involving intermediaries importing human embryos and gametes.Women’s rights activists have supported the passage of the bill.

Rajasthan passed bill against anti lynching.

• The Rajasthan State Legislative Assembly passed the Rajasthan Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019. The Parliamentary Affairs Minister Shanti Dhariwal introduced the Bill in the State Assembly. The Bill aims to provide stricter punishment to curb such Lynching incidents.

• Rajasthan is now the second State to have a dedicated law criminalising mob lynching as a special offence. The first state to have such law in addition to other offences under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) is Manipur.

• SC's recommendation:

• The Bill was introduced after the recommendation by the Supreme Court in authorising the setting up of special courts, appointment of a dedicated nodal officer, and stipulating enhanced punishments.

• The bill not only criminalises the acts of lynching but also provides legal aid, relief, compensation and rehabilitation.

• Definition of Lynching as per the Bill:

• Any act or series of acts of violence whether spontaneous or planned, by a mob on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, language, dietary practices, sexual orientation, political affiliation and ethnicity falls under the category Lynching.

• Provisions of the Bill:

• ♦ Bill makes the Mob Lynching offence cognizable, non-bailable and non-compoundable offences.

• ♦ It gives a punishment of life imprisonment and a penalty from Rs.1 lakh to Rs.5 lakh to those convicted in cases of mob lynching leading to victim's death.

• ♦ After 2014, 86% of mob lynching cases that were reported in the country are from Rajasthan. The Bill was proposed after considering peace in the state.

RS passed Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill.

• The Rajya Sabha cleared the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill 2019 on 6 August. Union Home Minister Amit Shah presented the Bill after abrogation of the special status granted to J&K. The upper house also adopted resolutions to repeal Article 370 and Article 35A in J&K.

The Bill has been moved for consideration and passage in Lok Sabha on August 6, 2019. The lower house will also take up the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Bill 2019.

Provisions of the Bill:

♦ The Bill proposed the bifurcation of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories namely Ladakh and Jammu-Kashmir.

♦ The bill has a  provision of 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among the general category (the upper caste).

Lok Sabha passes Transgender Persons Bill.

• The Lok Sabha on Monday passed the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 which aims for social, economic and educational empowerment of transgender persons, by a voice vote. The bill has scrapped provisions that criminalise begging by transgenders. As per the bill, a transgender is someone whose gender doesn't match with the gender assigned at birth.

SANTOSH KUMAR 1 Months ago
not rajyasbha it is loksbha

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